Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. England, France, and Italy were mostly interested in regaining what they had Leaders of America’s allies viewed it as both simplistic and overly optimistic. II. Unless this principle be made its foundation no part of the structure of international justice can stand. In the Paris Peace Conference that followed, many of the points were set aside as the need for reparations, imperial competition, and a desire for revenge on Germany took precedence. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. For foreign citizens who want to live permanently in the United States. The proposals outlined in Wilson’s speech were the result of a secret series of studies he commissioned from a committee of experts known as The Inquiry. Learn more about quality higher-education opportunities in the U.S. that you will not find anywhere else in the world. The Turkish portions of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of an autonomous development, and the Dardanelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guarantees. Nearly a year before World War I was over, President Woodrow Wilson had already come up with a plan of “Fourteen Points,” in which he outlined his version of a peace treaty. for those oppressed minorities, and a world organization that would provide In the speech, Wilson directly addressed what he perceived as the causes for The evacuation of all Russian territory and such a settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will secure the best and freest coöperation of the other nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed opportunity for the independent determination of her own political development and national policy and assure her of a sincere welcome into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choosing; and, more than a welcome, assistance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. 2. The League of Nations. The text of the Fourteen Points is as follows: 1. XI. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. Wilson later suggested that there would be another world war within a generation if the U.S. failed to join the League. IV. X. This was concluded on November 11 at Compiègne and brought an end to the fighting. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. region of the globe and analyze economic, social, and political facts likely Within the last week Mr. Lloyd George has spoken with admirable candor and in admirable spirit for the people and Government of Great Britain. Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. It is this happy fact, now clear to the view of every public man whose thoughts do not still linger in an age that is dead and gone, which makes it possible for every nation whose purposes are consistent with justice and the peace of the world to avow now or at any other time the objects it has in view. 13. 11. XII. It is that the world be made fit and safe to live in; and particularly that it be made safe for every peace-loving nation which, like our own, wishes to live its own life, determine its own institutions, be assured of justice and fair dealing by the other peoples of the world as against force and selfish aggression. The peoples of Austria-Hungary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and assured, should be accorded the freest opportunity of autonomous development. Ambassador Harris Honors the Fallen Heroes of the Korean War, Ambassador Harris Meets New ROK Vice Foreign Minister Choi Jong Kun at MOFA, Congratulatory Remarks at AMCHAM Doing Business in America Seminar, Congratulatory Remarks for Gwanghwamun Arirang Special Art Exhibition, Message for U.S. Citizens — Resumption of Notarial Services, Absentee Voting Week is September 27-October 4, Joint Communique of the 52nd U.S.-Republic of Korea Security Consultative Meeting, Fifth U.S.-Republic of Korea (ROK) Senior Economic Dialogue (SED), Secretary Pompeo’s Travel to Japan, Mongolia, and the Republic of Korea, Remarks by President Trump to the 75th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, U.S. Embassy Hosts U.S. These points were later taken as the basis for peace negotiations at the end of the war. Both before and after American entry into the conflict, Wilson called on the belligerents to state their war aims. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made secure in the interest of all. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! the world war by calling for the abolition of secret treaties, a reduction in The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. Click on the button below for a detailed list. A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined. Once more, as repeatedly before, the spokesmen of the Central Empires have indicated their desire to discuss the objects of the war and the possible bases of a general peace. The Russian representatives presented not only a perfectly definite statement of the principles upon which they would be willing to conclude peace but also an equally definite program of the concrete application of those principles. There is no good reason why that challenge should not be responded to, and responded to with the utmost candor. A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike. President Woodrow Wilson addresses Congress on January 8, 1918. Rumania, Serbia, and Montenegro should be evacuated; occupied territories restored; Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea; and the relations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically established lines of allegiance and nationality; and international guarantees of the political and economic independence and territorial integrity of the several Balkan states should be entered into. Possessing a wide variety of expertise, the group also sought to research topics that could be key issues at a postwar peace conference. and documents plus at least 1,200 maps. VIII. The Russian representatives were sincere and in earnest. We have spoken now, surely, in terms too concrete to admit of any further doubt or question. Virtual Community College Fair, U.S. Embassy Resumes Certain Nonimmigrant Visa Services, U.S. Embassy hosts U.S. College Fair for Visual and Performing Arts, Secretary Michael R. Pompeo at a Press Availability, U.S. and ROK Advance Economic Cooperation at the 5th Senior Economic Dialogue, Remarks at the National Committee on North Korea’s Annual Member Roundtable, Deputy Secretary Biegun’s Participation in the ASEAN Regional Forum Virtual Foreign Ministers’ Meeting, Secretary Pompeo’s Participation in the 10th East Asia Summit Virtual Foreign Ministers’ Meeting, Woodrow Wilson : Fourteen Points Speech (1918), Living Documents of American History and Democracy. Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and restored, without any attempt to limit the sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations. Woodrow Wilson, the 28th U.S. president, led America through World War I and crafted the Versailles Treaty's "Fourteen Points," the last of which was …