Similar to the way sharks can replace lost or broken teeth. It bore a single horn on the snout, above th… Triceratops species were sturdy, with strong limbs and short three-hoofed hands and four-hoofed feet. [4], Individual Triceratops were about 7.9 to 9.0 m (26.0–29.5 ft) in length, 2.9 to 3.0 m (9.5–9.8 ft) in height,[5][6] and 6.1–12.0 tonnes (13,000–26,000 lb) in weight.[7]. Don’t forget to share us on your favorite social network, just look to your left, I made it easy! Holes made by teeth have been found on the bony frill behind the horns, and on the sacrum (the part of the spine above the pelvis). eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'coolfactsforkids_com-box-3','ezslot_1',102,'0','0'])); Here is the meat and potatoes of the triceratops facts for kids! There has been much speculation over the functions of Triceratops' head adornments. Another genus, Torosaurus (‘perforated lizard’) which had fenestrae (holes) in its frill, may have actually been a mature form of Triceratops. They lived during the Late Cretaceous period about 68 million years ago. The meteor is only a theory however, but provides the best known cause of death to all dinosaurs. In addition to combat with predators using horns, Triceratops are classically shown engaging each other in combat with horns locked. Wheeler P.E. We have also some cool rendering and skeleton pictures of Brachiosauruses. Also, modern living creatures with such displays of horns and adornments use them in similar behavior. [13] Tyrannosaurus is also known to have fed on Triceratops. When examined closely, the hole in the bone has a diameter that is very similar to diameter of the distal end of a Triceratops horn. Let’s get to it! However, evidence of trackways, and reconstructions of skeletons show that Triceratops and other ceratopsids had an upright stance during normal locomotion, with the elbows flexed and slightly bowed out. In 1986, Robert Bakker estimated it as making up 5/6ths of the large dinosaur fauna at the end of the Cretaceous. ♦ The head of the triceratops measured four to five feet (1.2 to 1.5 meters) across and was decorated with fancy horns and massive head plate. [20] Since the Triceratops wounds healed, the Triceratops survived the encounter. [11], For many years, Triceratops finds were known only from solitary individuals. A Triceratops mounted next to a Tyrannosaurus at the Los Angeles Natural History Museum, Front view of skull with a prominent epoccipital fringe, Houston Museum of Natural Science, Comparisons between the skulls of Triceratops and Nedoceratops, Triceratops and other animals of the Hell Creek Formation, Fauna of Hell Creek Formation, about 66 mya (Triceratops in sepia skin), Illustration of specimen YPM 1871E, the horn cores that were erroneously attributed to Bison alticornis, the first named specimen of Triceratops. Their skeletons were one of the most durable and most resilient to erosion, so more lasted than with other dinosaurs. 2004. and Dodson P. 1975. Triceratops used to have three horns on its face and is likely to appear as modern rhinoceros. The Triceratops was able to fight off predators with its three horns and the bony frill on its head. Ohhh, I almost forgot! [14]:438[15], Triceratops was one of the last ceratopsian genera to appear before the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event. "Elaborate CNS cooling structures in large dinosaurs". Triceratops was a low browser with a bony beak in front of its jaws. via, A Triceratops fends off a T. Rex (Artist impression). Functional morphology and evolution of the ceratopsian dinosaurs. Many fossils of Triceratops have been collected since the genus was first described in 1889. It has also been suggested that another genus, Nedoceratops (‘insufficient horned face’) may have been a transitional stage between the two. Check out this quick video with kids jokes that are actually funny!! Skull of specimen DMNH 48617 from the Laramie Formation of eastern Colorado. Triceratops belongs to the family of triceratopsid dinosaur and is believed to have lived in the Maastrichtian era. It is evident that they chewed on sharp and thorny plants like cycad, which are stout plants characterised by a hard-wood trunk and stiff palm-like leaves, based on the marks found on their beaks, jawline, and teeth. "Morph-osaurs: how shape-shifting dinosaurs deceived us - life - 28 July 2010",,, "Triceratops in the Natural History Museum's Dino Directory",, "Limb bone scaling, limb proportions, and bone strength in neoceratopsian dinosaurs",,,, 10.1671/0272-4634(2006)26[103:TSKTSN]2.0.CO;2,, [1] They were mainly found in North America. Triceratops had a herbivorous diet. Originally, it was believed that the front legs of the animal had to be sprawling at angles from the thorax, in order to better bear the weight of the head. The posture of these dinosaurs has long been the subject of some debate. You would expect a creature that looks like that to eat people, but then that would just be dino stereotyping. However, there is nothing to show that both these species had confronted with each other. They were truly one of the most amazing dinosaurs and continue to stun and amaze crowds. Both these species had their habitat in the forests and marshes of western North America. The Triceratops had a bird-like beak on its mouth. There were two species of Triceratops that lived in North America 67 to 65 million years ago (late Cretaceous period). The third, at the end of it’s snout, is actually made up of soft proteins and would have been worthless in a fight. Did the triceratops fight the T. Rex? The Tyrannosaurs Rex occupied the same ecosystem as the Triceratops which brings us to the question, did the T-Rex prey on Triceratops or did they live in harmony? The holotype specimen for the Triceratops is YPM 1820. ♦ Technically the triceratops only has 2 horns. There is at least one complete individual skeleton. The two main theories have revolved around use in combat, or display in courtship, with the latter thought now to be the most likely primary function. These creatures were amazing and there is plenty to tell about them. The skull of a young triceratops is almost the size of an adult human head. This is not something that is seen on other dinosaurs and is completely unique. It had roamed the earth some 68 million years ago. Behind the t-rex, there is not another more popular or recognizable dinosaur. They are one of the most familiar dinosaurs. These remains are very common: one palaeontologist reported having seen 200 specimens of T. prorsus in the Hell Creek Formation of Montana, U.S.[12] Similarly, Barnum Brown claimed to have seen over 500 skulls in the field. Around 65 million years ago in the late Cretaceous Period, Triceratops lived and inhabited the marshes and forests of North America. Its mouth was beak-shaped and was. Save my name, email, and site URL in my browser for next time I post a comment. They are one of the most familiar dinosaurs. Most other ceratopsids had large holes (fenestrae) in their frills, while those of Triceratops were noticeably solid. In addition to combat with predators using horns, Triceratops are classically shown engaging each other in combat with horns locked. Read on for an in-depth look at this familiar Cretaceous animal … Triceratops Facts For Kids & Adults. Can you imagine it? Check out her top 10 quotes!>. It looks like a puncture wound sustained while the animal was still alive. A similar theory has been proposed regarding the plates of Stegosaurus, although this use alone would not account for the bizarre and extravagant variation seen in different members of the Ceratopsidae. Scientists believe that triceratops used to live in small groups. The jaws were tipped with a deep, narrow beak, good for grasping and plucking. Derstler K. (1994). Forty-seven complete or partial skulls were discovered in just that area during the decade 2000–2010. Many fossils of Triceratops have been collected since the genus was first described in 1889. [14][19] There is evidence that Tyrannosaurus did have aggressive head-on encounters with Triceratops, based on partially healed tyrannosaur tooth marks on a Triceratops brow horn and squamosal; the bitten horn is also broken, with new bone growth after the break. 1966. However, there is nothing to show that both these species had confronted with each other. I hope you had a good time checking out these incredible facts about the triceratops. Estimates put the weight of a Triceratops between 6.5 and 13 tons. Its defence had to stand up to attacks from taller theropods, hence the bony shield which covered its neck. The remains also show signs of predation or scavenging from Tyrannosaurus, particularly on the largest specimen, with the bones of the front limbs showing breakage and puncture wounds from Tyrannosaurus teeth. The most distinctive feature is their large skull, among the largest of all land animals. [24] Evidence that visual display was important, either in courtship or in other social behavior, can be seen in the fact that horned dinosaurs differ markedly in their adornments, making each species highly distinctive. and Dodson P. (1975). The name Triceratops is pronounced: "try-SAIR-uh-tops". The related Torosaurus, and the more distantly related diminutive Leptoceratops, were also present, though their remains are rarely found. Estimates put the top running speed of a Triceratops up to 20 mph. This page was last changed on 24 October 2020, at 20:12. They have unique and memorable features that cannot be confused with other dinosaur species. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to [18] This gives a range of 432 to 800 teeth, of which only a fraction were in use at any given time (tooth replacement was continuous and occurred throughout the life of the animal). Triceratops Facts for Kids. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. This gives a range of 432 to 800 teeth, of which only a fraction were in use at any given time (tooth replacement was continuous and occurred throughout the life of the animal). Scientists have found Triceratops fossils in places such as. Are you kids interested in Dinosaurs? The largest known skull (specimen BYU 12183) is estimated to have been 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) in length when complete, and could reach almost a third of the length of the entire animal. Since then many more samples have been found and scientists today know a good deal about how the triceratops may have lived. The Triceratops was discovered in 1887, by George Lyman Cannon near Denver, Colorado, USA. Triceratops bones are incredibly valuable. Triceratops Facts for Kids. It bore a single horn on the snout, above the nostrils, and a pair of horns approximately 1 m (3 ft) long, with one above each eye. A 2006 study of the smallest Triceratops skull, ascertained to be a juvenile, shows the frill and horns developed at a very early age, predating sexual development and thus probably important for visual communication and species recognition in general. The stance was intermediate between fully upright and fully sprawling, similar the modern rhinoceros. This is supported by signs of healing that are present in the bone around the supposed wound. "Mounted skeleton of. Beak with shearing teeth. "Plates of the dinosaur. One skull, assigned to Triceratops, has a hole in the jugal bone. [26], One skull, assigned to Triceratops, has a hole in the jugal bone. Everything you buy counts; it’s not just the product at the link you clicked. 299-300. Copyright © 2020 Facts Just for Kids.