Invite students to analyze this Civil War recruiting poster directed at black men. This discovery tool searches collections nationwide from libraries, museums, and other repositories, including the New York Public Library's Schomburg Research Center for Black Culture and the National Museum of African American History and Culture.

[74][75][76][77] The author of the concept of genocide, Raphael Lemkin, considered Tasmania the site of one of the world's clear cases of genocide[78] and Hughes has described the loss of Aboriginal Tasmanians as "the only true genocide in English colonial history".

Oral history interviews conducted in the 1980s with aging Philadelphians who participated in and witnessed firsthand the first Great Migration to Philadelphia between 1910 and 1930. An excerpt from a 1921 memoir by Horace Pippin that provides a 1918 journal entry from his time fighting in France. [58] But the committee also urged settlers to remain vigilant, recommending that parties of armed men should be stationed in the most remote stock huts. The inquiry was conducted in the context of a further escalation in hostilities: in February alone there were 30 separate incidents in which seven Europeans were killed. To give feedback, contact us at Among submissions it received were suggestions to set up "decoy huts, containing flour and sugar, strongly impregnated with poison", that Aboriginal people be rooted out with bloodhounds and that Maori warriors be brought to Tasmania to capture the Aboriginal people for removal to New Zealand as slaves. The issues of emancipation and military service were intertwined from the onset of the Civil War. In February 1832 Robinson embarked on the first of several expeditions to the west, north-west and the Launceston area to secure the surrender of remaining Aboriginal people, believing the strategy was "for their own good" and would save them from extermination at the hands of settlers while providing them with the benefits of British civilisation and Christianity. Primary Sources. The Black Panther History collections enable researchers to explore Black Panther Party history from multiple angles through a variety of Black Panther primary sources. It refers to efforts by the Lincoln administration to provide equal pay for black soldiers and equal protection for black POWs. The campaign, which became known as the Black Line,[11][48] was greeted enthusiastically by the colonist press. Highlights from the past and present of California, from the rich online collections of the Library of Congress. In the later 1820s this campaign became intense, “Black War” sometimes being used only in relation to this period.

Highlights from the past and present of Kentucky, from the rich online collections of the Library of Congress. Robert E. Williams (d. 1937), an African-American Photographer, operated a photography studio, R. Williams and Son, in Augusta, Georgia, from 1888 until around 1908. A selection of Library of Congress primary sources exploring baseball and the various ways it was experienced by Americans between the close of the Civil War and the beginning of WWII. In late February 1830 Arthur introduced a bounty of ₤5 for every captured Aboriginal and ₤2 per child, and also sought a greater military presence, trying to halt the departure to India of the last detachment of the 40th Regiment and requesting reinforcements from the 63rd Regiment in Western Australia, but without success. Primary Documents: To regulate relations between slaves and colonists, the Louisiana Code noir, or slave code, based largely on that compiled in 1685 for the French Caribbean colonies, was introduced in 1724 and remained in force until the United States took possession of Louisiana in … Read More (1724) Louisiana’s Code Noir To help your students analyze these primary sources, get a graphic organizer and guides. All were expected to wear European clothes and many women were given European names. Any hopes of peace in the Settled Districts were dashed in spring. Proclamation of martial law was a crown prerogative to be used "against rebels and enemies as a ... convenient mode of exercising a right to kill in war, a right originating in self-defence"[38] and Arthur's move was effectively a declaration of total war. Primary Source Sets African American Soldiers in World War I African American Soldiers in World War I African American soldiers are often rendered invisible in the traditional historical narrative of United States involvement in World War I. This primary source set emphasizes the experiences of African American doughboys during the war while also highlighting how they were perceived by white Americans. A letter from First Lieutenant James W. Alston to H. H. Brimley on November 1, 1918 about being only black officer in a hotel in France. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This set also includes a Teacher's Guide with historical context and teaching suggestions.