" The Lion Sleeps Tonight " is a song originally written and recorded by Solomon Linda under the title " Mbube " for the South African Gallo Record Company in 1939. Bonjour ! His song "Mbube" had made him well known in South Africa. He introduced the falsetto main voice, which incorporated female vocal texture into male singing. "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" was to be acknowledged as derived from "Mbube". In February 2006, Linda's estate attained a legal settlement with Abilene Music company, which had the worldwide rights and had licensed the song to Disney. [3][4][5] He attended the Gordon Memorial mission school, where he learned about Western musical culture, hymns, and participated in choir contests. They were all Linda's friends from Pomeroy. The members of the group were Solomon Linda (soprano), Gilbert Madondo (alto), Boy Sibiya (tenor), with Gideon Mkhize, Samuel Mlangeni, and Owen Sikhakhane as basses. [3], The original South African recording was discovered during the early 1950s by American musicologist Alan Lomax, who gave it to his friend, folk musician Pete Seeger of The Weavers. Dishearteningly, this has included racial abuse on my social media accounts. Thirteen movies! Best known as the composer of the song "Mbube,” which later became the popular music success, "The Lion Sleeps Tonight," which was famously used in the Lion King creation. In his mid-20s, he moved to Johannesburg, where he led an … [3], Some of Linda's music can be interpreted as expressing political dissent. Solomon Linda Family vs Disney "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", https://www.brandsouthafrica.com/south-africa-fast-facts/arts-facts/mbube-210206, https://www.aljazeera.com/archive/2006/02/2008491335677676.html, Je soutiens le changement avec 5 € par mois, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. While raising a family he continued to perform. This page was last edited on 4 September 2020, at 07:04. [2][6], In 1948, the Evening Birds disbanded, and a year later Linda married Regina. His group was the first known to use striped suits to indicate that they were urban sophisticates. Nous traitons vos renseignements personnelles conformément à notre Politique d’utilisation des données et à nos Conditions d'utilisation. It was not until 18 years later that a tombstone was constructed at his gravesite. )[10], Despite the popularity and wide use of the song, Linda died impoverished in 1962 of kidney failure. [6][12] The story of the lawsuit against Disney and the aftermath of the settlement is told in the 2019 Netflix documentary, The Lion's Share. [4] "Mbube" was a major success for Linda and the Evening Birds, reportedly selling more than 100,000 copies in South Africa by 1949. Linda's original was written in Zulu, while the English version's lyrics were written by George David Weiss. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Solomon_Linda&oldid=976659451, People from Umzinyathi District Municipality, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Use South African English from September 2012, All Wikipedia articles written in South African English, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2019, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Many of you may have faced a lot of backlash for supporting this petition just as I have in the last month. Such expressions were an occasional feature of Mbube songs. Nous utilisons les cookies pour le fonctionnement de Change.org et pour vous proposer des contenus personnalisés. Solomon Popoli Linda Solomon Popoli Linda was a South African musician, singer and composer. En signant ou en vous connectant via Facebook, vous accepter les conditions d'utilisation et la politique d'utilisation des données de Change.org. "The Lion Sleeps Tonight". The money will go to a trust, to be administered by SA Music Rights CEO Nick Motsatsi. Nous n'avons pas pu publier votre commentaire. However, it is alleged that, by British laws then in effect, those rights should have reverted to Linda's heirs 25 years after his death in 1962. Issue 95. How the Creator of ‘The Lion Sleeps Tonight’ Finally Got His Due In ‘Black Is King’ Thanks to Beyoncé, Solomon Linda's famous song finally made its Disney debut—81 years after it was written. In 2004, with the backing of the South African government and Gallo Records, Linda's descendants in South Africa sued The Walt Disney Company for its use in The Lion King movie and stage musical without paying royalties to them. Many lawyers have estimated that his royalties would amount between $10 – $20 Million USD.Sources Brand South Africahttps://www.brandsouthafrica.com/south-africa-fast-facts/arts-facts/mbube-210206Aljazeerahttps://www.aljazeera.com/archive/2006/02/2008491335677676.html, If this isn't cultural appropriation, I don't know what it is. Solomon died in 1962 with only $25 to his name. Disney can be a leader: cultural rights over profits! Linda sold the rights to Gallo Record Company for 10 shillings (less than US$2) soon after the recording was made. Performing Songwriter. Best known as the composer of the song "Mbube,” which later became the popular music success, "The Lion Sleeps Tonight," which was famously used in the Lion King creation.Solomon died in 1962 with only $25 to his name. I would love for Disney to come forward and work on rectifying this situation. The money will go to a trust, to be administered by SA Music Rights CEO Nick Motsatsi.[14][15]. [further explanation needed] (However, at the time, 1961–62, a fast-tempo version by the Karl Denver Trio was the more successful in the UK. [3][4][7], The group evolved from performances at weddings to choir competitions. Solomon's three daughters grew up and lived in poverty in Soweto. Aujourd'hui, nous vous demandons d'aider à garder Change.org gratuit et indépendant. At the same time, their bass singing retained some musical elements indicative of traditional choral music. Instead of using one singer per voice part, the Evening Birds used a number of bass singers. The recording was produced by Motsieloa at the Gallo Recording Studios, in Johannesburg. His widow couldn’t afford a headstone for his grave. A trial was scheduled to start on 21 February 2006, but just before the trial, a settlement was reached between Linda's estate, Disney and Abilene Music Company, the true defendant of the litigation, who had granted an indemnity to Disney when it licensed use of "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" in The Lion King. Seeger retitled it "Wimoweh", an approximate phonetic rendering of the song's Zulu language refrain, "uyimbube" ("you are a lion", from "u-" ["you"], "yi-" ["are"] and "imbube" ["lion"]),[9] and it was introduced to America by The Weavers; they recorded a studio version in 1952 which became a Top 20 hit in the US, as well as an influential live version recorded at Carnegie Hall in 1955 and released in April 1957. [3], Solomon Popoli Linda was born near Pomeroy, on the labor reserve Msinga, Umzinyathi District Municipality in Ladysmith in Natal, where he was familiar with the traditions of amahubo and izingoma zomshado (wedding songs) music. July/August 2006. http://performingsongwriter.com/lion-sleeps-tonight/, "Penniless sisters fight record industry over father's hit song", "ReMastered: The Lion's Share | Netflix Official Site", "Penniless singer's family sue Disney for Lion King royalties", "Copyright in the Courts: The Return of the Lion", "Groundbreaking SA lawsuit sends a message to the world’s cultural power-brokers".