The study involved researchers from from UK's Bangor University and Oxford University as well as Uppsala University in Sweden. Mental Floss may receive a commission for purchases made through these links. All reasonable questions, but ultimately we need to start the discussion somewhere. In order to do so, the young researcher would expose himself to the bodily fluids of yellow fever patients. While writing over a 100 books and leading a broad intellectual life, Chomsky is known as an outspoken critic of American foreign policy. He is especially famous for his proposal to share information by using the technology of hypertext, the cornerstone of the world wide web. They devised very detailed numerical simulations that proved the existence of large tides during the period they studied. Lyn Evans, nicknamed 'Evans the Atom', was the project leader of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Switzerland until 2008. She encouraged honest discussion and believed science needed to engage the public to gain its trust. As you're probably aware, rationing was introduced in Britain during the war in order to ensure that food supplies didn't run out. (Photo credit: SASCHA SCHUERMANN/AFP/Getty Images). Banneker helped survey the boundaries of the area that would become Washington D.C., charted the stars and planets every night, predicted eclipses, and was one of America’s earliest African American scientists. From eccentric geniuses to the downright insane, here are some of history’s greatest mad scientists. An Indian theoretical physicist, Ashoke Sen won numerous international awards for his work including the Fundamental Prize in Physics in 2012. US linguist, philosopher and political activist, Noam Chomsky addresses a press conference in the southern German city of Stuttgart on March 23, 2010. Caroline joined her brother when he was appointed royal astronomer at the court at Windsor and served him as his scientific assistant. Her work supported the hypothesis of Watson and Crick and was published third in the series of three DNA Nature articles. British geniuses feature heavily in a 2007 list that notes the greatest living thinkers of our time - proportionately more than any other country. The data was captured by BepiColombo's Italian Spring Accelerometer (ISA) instrument. He also loved dissecting animals, and some believe he even stole human bodies from Castle Frankenstein. Elsie Widdowson grew up during the First World War in London. Women's Agricultural Times report from the first annual meeting (1899) of the Lady Warwick Agricultural Association for Women, containing a resolution stating that qualified women should be eligible for election to learned societies. Eighteenth century engineer, astronomer, and professional tinkerer Benjamin Banneker is believed to have made the first clock built entirely in America. One of the most renowned scholars of the Northern Song Dynasty, Shen Kuo was a master of astronomy, physics, math, and geology, arguing, among other things, that tides are caused by the moon’s gravitational pull and that the Earth and the Sun are spherical, not flat. In 1848, at the age of sixty eight, Mary published yet another book. Famously, her work at King's would prove crucial to the discovery of the double-helix structure of DNA, the molecule that holds the genetic instructions for the growth and reproduction of every organism on planet Earth. He would be thrilled that we plan to continue this, plus much more, through The Grant Imahara STEAM Foundation.”. Famously, Widdowson became involved in nutritional problems faced in Britain during the Second World War, particularly experimenting with minimal diets. British palaeontologist Mary Leakey is notable primarily for discovering the first fossilised skull of Proconsul, an extinct primate that existed approximately 25 million years ago and is now thought to be an ancestor of human beings. She was the daughter of a wealthy family of industrialists and was awarded a scholarship to read Zoology at Oxford, where she studied the genetics of rabbits. Here are 15 famous scientists who were born right here in Blighty (and all since 1900 - apologies to fans of Charles Darwin, Ada Lovelace, Alexander Graham Bell and other pre-20th century science superstars! Cavendish then decided to send her friend the list of positive qualities, which she assumed would be appreciated. BepiColombo eventually entered the hellish mangentosheath, the region battered by cosmic plasma from the sun before the craft passed into the relatively peaceful magentopause that marks the transition between the magnetosphere and Earth's own magnetic field. She received the Royal Society’s Hughes Medal for her investigations in 1906. Shen himself never made that connection: Generally speaking, he was more interested in divination and the supernatural than alien visitors. He also received the 2013 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences, worth $3 million. The Simpsons creator Matt Groening ranked number four in the list of living geniuses. Check out this lecture: James Watson is an American molecular biologist and geneticist, known as the co-discoverer of the double helix structure of the DNA in 1953 - a fact for which he was awarded a Nobel Prize. Franklin is best known for her work on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. He actually performed the world's first Fallopian tubal transplant in 1979 (although this procedure is seldom used nowadays, having been superseded by IVF - see Anne McLaren, above). Rosalind Elsie Franklin was a British biophysicist, physicist, chemist, biologist and X-ray crystallographer who made contributions to the understanding of the fine molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal and graphite. Registered charity number 207043, (Lines open Mon-Fri, 9:00-17:00. Get exclusive deals, product news, reviews, and more with the Mental Floss Smart Shopping newsletter. From an early version of the airplane to a primitive scuba suit, Leonardo designed technological devices that are in use to this day. He was knighted in 1981 and won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1988. A spacecraft bound for Mercury recorded data while swinging around our planet, and that data was converted into sound. Now that Prime Day is over, and with Black Friday and Cyber Monday still a few weeks away, online deals may seem harder to come by. Since most of the deals revolve around the essentials, it's easy to stock up on items like Cottonelle toilet paper, Tide Pods, Cascade dishwasher detergent, and a 50 pack of surgical masks whenever you're running low.