A further alternative is that they swap tapes for the transcription stage. By asking the right questions, you can create materials specificaly for you. Stage 2 - Recorded conversation Once they have chosen a subject the students tell me in their L1 what they'd like to say and I discreetly come up behind them and translate the language chunks into English. Here they're working on pace and fluency. Onestopenglish is a teacher resource site, part of Macmillan Education, one of the world’s leading publishers of English language teaching materials. Company number: 1755588 VAT number: 199440621. They immediately stop recording and then wait until another student wants to respond. Stage 4 - Transcription Next they listen to the tape and transcribe their conversation. ©Macmillan Education Limited 2020. Further Reading Charles A. Curran is the name most associated with CLL. (I have used CLL to teach French and Italian in the beginner stages, and I can assure you I was exhausted after each session!). The next time you use CLL however, you could split the class into two groups. Working with monolingual or multilingual classes I have used CLL with both monolingual and multilingual classes and found that it works well with both. They can discuss how they felt about talking to a microphone and whether they felt more comfortable speaking aloud than they might do normally. However, the first few attempts at CLL work better with a monolingual class as the instructions can be given in L1. The intention was that it would integrate translation so that the students would disassociate language learning with risk taking. It's a teaching method which encompasses all four skills while simultaneously revealing learners' styles which are more or less analytical in their approach to language learning. Community language learning (CLL) was primarily designed for monolingual conversation classes where the teacher-counsellor would be able to speak the learners' L1. Community Language Learning (CLL) is a teaching method developed in the 1970s in the USA by Jesuit priest, psychologist and educator Charles Curran. I only intervene when they ask for help. When they feel ready to speak the students take the microphone and record their sentence. He was a priest and psychologist who derived his ideas from 'Counselling Learning', a humanistic concept introduced by Carl Rogers in the 1950s. The key idea is that the students determine what is to be learned, so the teacher is a facilitator and provides support. ( 2001). It’s based on an approach modeled on counseling techniques that alleviate anxiety, threat and the personal and language problems a person encounters in the learning of foreign languages. The founder figure of CLL was Charles Curran, an American Jesuit priest, whose work in Counselling Learning (a general learning approach based on Rogerian counselling ideas and practices) was applied to language learning. The method, which aims to alleviate the anxiety and threat so often felt by language learners, is sometimes described as "counselling learning". The language is completely personalised and with higher levels they can themselves decide what parts of their conversation they would like to analyse, whether it be tenses, lexis or discourse. Drawing on principles of counselling therapy then prevalent, CLL emphasizes the importance of the learners themselves by calling them "clients" and letting them design lesson content. With lower levels you can guide the analysis by choosing the most common problems you noted in the recording stages or by using the final transcription. Be careful however that the conversation isn't too long as this will in turn make the transcription very long. I'd appreciate this very much. It is the Knower’s job to provide the supportive and secure environment for learners, and to encourage a whole-person approach to the learning. It's important that the learners understand their and your new roles in the language learning process. I´m currently taking a specialization in English teaching and need to know about the Community Language Learning method. In the beginning some learners find it difficult to speak on tape while others might find that the conversation lacks spontaneity. The Knower then replays the recording, and transcribes it on the board. One of these methods came to be known as Community Language Learning. The key features of these methodologies is that they flout orthodox language teaching, they have a guru (regarded by devotees of the method with something approaching religious awe), and they all developed from outside language teaching. With the multilingual low-level classes I, as the teacher-counsellor, reformulated their English in the same way you might do with higher levels. Also, most descriptions of it in action focus on the early stages of learning the new language. When the Knower is satisfied, the utterance is recorded by the student. Additionally they are all rigidly-prescriptive and emphasise the learners’ responsibility for their own learning. The language is obviously less personalised but their listening skills are being challenged in a different way and they still feel part of a whole class community. Stage 5 - Language analysis I sometimes get students to analyse the language the same lesson or sometimes in the next lesson. The teacher (Knower) has to be highly proficient in the target language and in the language of the students. Drawing on principles of counselling therapy then prevalent, CLL emphasizes the importance of the learners themselves by calling them "clients" and letting them design lesson content. We believe in personalized language learning because every individual has different needs. I have not been able to find any info. Space does not permit me to describe in detail the psychological system on which CLL is based, but essentially, the learner is supposed to move from a stage of total dependence on the Knower at the beginning to a stage of independent autonomy at the end, passing through 5 developmental stages along the way. This involves looking at the form of tenses and vocabulary used and why certain ones were chosen, but it will depend on the language produced by the students. All of which raises our awareness as a teacher and that of our students. Lesson Share: Halloween — Which monster are you? It can only be done with small numbers of students. If you want to read more about CLL, the most easily-accessible reference is: Back to ask the experts Methodology in Ask the experts. Focus on Communication . In a subsequent session, the Knower may suggest activities springing from the dialogue. Community Language Learning (CLL) is one of the ‘designer’ methods of language acquisition that arose in the 1970’s (along with The Silent Way, Suggestopoedia and TPR) and forms part of the Humanistic Approach to language learning. With higher levels if the students feel comfortable enough they can say some of it directly in English and I give the full English sentence. Business News Lesson: Robots help get food from farm to table, Online Education: Bridging the gap—No learner left behind, Methodology: Teaching a student whose skills are at different levels, Methodology: Motivating teachers whose business students miss class, Lesson Share: Presenting grammar in a way that accommodates different learning styles. CLL works especially well with lower levels who are struggling to produce spoken English. Jane Willis and Dave Willis Macmillan Heineman 1998Language Teaching Methodology by David Nunan Prentice Hall 1998Reformulation and Reconstruction: Tasks that Promote 'Noticing' by Scott Thornbury taken from ELT documents 51/4 October 1997Working with Teaching Methods by Earl W. Stevick ITP Co. 1998, Jo Bertrand, Teacher, Materials writer, British Council Paris, © British Council, 10 Spring Gardens, London SW1A 2BN, UK CLL has been categorised alongside The Silent Way and Suggestopedia because of its humanistic tendencies. The student attempts to repeat the utterance, with encouragement from the Knower, with the rest of the group eavesdropping. Gradually, the students spin a web of language. However, trying to create your own peronalized content is a challenge. It has also been pointed out that this is a methodology exclusively suitable for adult learners, not for children. © 1998-2020 Teflnet Joanne Ramsden provides strategies to help young learners and teens bridge the knowledge gap resulting from the closure of schools due to the pandemic. In your efforts to let your students become independent learners you can neglect their need for guidance. October 2020: With the pandemic making it hard to find enough workers, the food industry uses robots to support the food supply chain. Community Language Learning (CLL) is a teaching method developed in the 1970s in the USA by Jesuit priest, psychologist and educator Charles Curran. Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching by J Richards and T Rodgers CUP 2002CLL: A Way Forward? Jack C.Richards and Theodore S. Rodgers. Length of stages The timing will depend entirely on the class, how quickly they respond to CLL, how long you or they decide to spend on the language analysis stage and how long their recorded conversation is. by Rod Bolitho taken from ELT documents 113 - Humanistic Approaches: An Empirical View The British Council (1982)Communicating Naturally in a Second Language by Wilga M. Rivers CUP 1986Introducing Innovations into your Teaching by Denise Ozdeniz taken from Challenge and Change in Language Teaching Ed. What do teachers do after that? I have also found quieter students able to offer corrections to their peers and gladly contribute to the recording stage of the lesson. The teacher plays the part of "counsellor", while the learners are encouraged to work together, interacting and helping each other personally in a supportive community. The students have to share a single mother tongue. The intention was that it would integrate translation so that the students would disassociate language learning with risk taking. It's more practical in terms of giving instructions before you start and for moving from one student to another when they need you to translate or reformulate what they want to say. Claire Treleaven's article and lesson plan is aimed at using alternative ways to present grammar to students with varied learning styles. That’s what our community is here for! We as teachers can find it strange to give our students so much freedom and tend to intervene too much. In Community Language Learning (CLL) the teacher acts as a facilitator whose job it is to be an empathetic helper in the learning process and so lower the affective filter.The students are perceived of as being a "group" receiving counselling rather than a "class". Arguably, too, it is unwise to undertake CLL as a teacher without some counselling training. Once you have tried CLL with your class, it's a good idea to evaluate the method. In the basic form of CLL, a maximum of 12 students sit in a circle. CLL differs from other methods by which languages are taught. Another student then repeats the process until there is a kind of dialogue recorded. Students become much more aware of their peers, their strengths and weaknesses and want to work as a team. The students typically sit in a circle, and they initially use their first language to get to know each other. Although each course is unique and student-dictated, there are certain criteria that should be applied to all CLL classrooms, namely a focus on fluency in the early stages, an undercurrent of accuracy throughout the course and learner empowerment as the main focus. Here are some possible questions you could ask. Would you be so kind as to help me find it? When a student has decided they want to say something in the foreign language, they call the Knower over and whisper what they want to say, in their mother tongue. This gives them more speaking time.