It was onc… Fermions include leptons, bosons, and quarks. Electrons have the lowest mass of any charged lepton (or electrically charged particle of any type) and belong to the first-generation of fundamental particles. The charge of a proton is electrically positive and the charge of electron is electrically negative. All members of the lepton group are fermions, because they all have half-odd integer spin; the electron has spin 1/2. In the Standard Model of particle physics, electrons belong to the group of subatomic particles called leptons, which are believed to be fundamental or elementary particles. The crucial difference between electron and proton is that an electron is a charged particle with negative polarity. Protons have a charge of +1 elementary charge. The elementary particlesare what create atoms, and the other elementary particles the particles known as fermions. Electrons are subatomic particles with a negative elementary charge.

Electrons are said to be elementary particles because they don’t have any known substructures or components. Electron, lightest stable subatomic particle known. Since protons and neutrons behave similarly within the nucleus, and each has a mass of approximately one atomic mass unit, they are both referred to as nucleons. As against, a proton is a charged particle having a positive charge. These particles are what make up everything that we know of in the universe. The rest mass of the electron is 9.1093837015 × 10 −31 kg, which is only 1 / 1,836 the mass of a proton. Their properties and interactions are described by nuclear physics. The neutron is a subatomic particle, symbol n or n , with no electric charge and a mass slightly greater than that of a proton.

Both electron and proton are the fundamental components of an atomic structure and has their own significance.

It carries a negative charge of 1.602176634 × 10 −19 coulomb, which is considered the basic unit of electric charge.

On the other nucleus has no charge and it is neutral in nature. An elementary charge is denoted by the letter ‘e’ and was originated in 1874 by George Stoney. The second and third generation contain charged leptons, the muon and the tau, which are identical to the electron in charge, spin and interactions, but are more massive. Protons and neutrons constitute the nuclei of atoms. An atom has no overall charge, because it has an equal number of protons and electrons.

Although the proton is much more massive than the electron, it only has a charge of e. Hence, neutral atoms always bear the same number of protons and … While a proton has a charge of +1 or 1e, an electron has a charge of -1, or -e, and a neutron has no charge, or 0e.

On the other nucleus has no charge and it is neutral in nature. Leptons differ from the other basic constituent of matter, the quarks, by their lack of strong interaction.