Alfred Worden: Command module pilot, Apollo 15. After NASA, Duke pursued business opportunities, founding the Duke Investments Charlie Duke Enterprises firms. Apart from these 24 men, no human being has gone beyond low Earth orbit. Get breaking space news and the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more! Support the Campaign. Mattingly piloted the command module Casper, working on photographic and geochemical mapping of a belt around the lunar equator. 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Apollo 12 — Nov. 14, 1969. The corresponding Block II titles were: Commander, Command Module Pilot (second seat), and Lunar Module Pilot (third seat). Photos: Neil Armstrong — American Icon Remembered, NASA's 17 Apollo Moon Missions in Pictures, Photos: Freedom 7, America's First Manned Spaceflight, Driving on the Moon: Photos of NASA's Lunar Cars, Europe will help build NASA's moon-orbiting Gateway space station, NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft is tucking away precious asteroid samples for safekeeping. Open 10am – 5:30pm, Steven   F.  Udvar-Hazy  Center In addition, nine astronauts flew Apollo spacecraft in the Apollo Applications Programs Skylab and Apollo–Soyuz Test Project. And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at: Mitchell died February 4, 2016. Buzz Aldrin: Lunar module pilot, Apollo 11. During each of the six missions with successful lunar landings, one astronaut remained in lunar orbit while the other two landed. The crew was forced to scramble into the lunar module and use it as a lifeboat, circling the moon without landing and then returning safely to Earth. NASA named a group of 19 more astronauts in April 1966. One of the biggest launch vehicles ever flown, the Saturn V was as tall as a 36-story building and consisted of three stages. Conrad headed up the second lunar landing mission, Apollo 12, in November 1969. Irwin's first and only flight to space was on Apollo 15, during which he walked around the moon's Hadley Rille and Apennine Mountains, collecting 171 lbs. Twelve people have walked on the Moon. Six others remained in lunar orbit aboard their Apollo spacecraft command modules. The first Apollo mission to get to space was Apollo 7. Of the 24 people who have flown to the Moon, 16 are still living as of 2016[update]. These astronauts all participated in the Apollo program. A total of 24 NASA astronauts from the Apollo era flew on the Space Shuttle. Thomas "Ken" Mattingly: Command module pilot, Apollo 16. Is Woolworths Returning To The UK? The Apollo capsule had three lying seats on its bottom, but the astronauts actually never sat in the capsule: during launch, reentry and in the ocean the astronauts were lying down, while in … Note: Edwin Aldrin and Eugene Cernan were selected for Group 3 without having been test pilots, though both were fighter pilots in the Air Force and Navy respectively. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Chantilly, VA 20151 The 24 people who have flown to the Moon are the only people who have traveled beyond low Earth orbit. After joining NASA in 1963, Scott eventually logged a total of 546 hours and 54 minutes in space. Each was 35 years and 65 days old on his launch date and 35 years and 68 days old when he entered lunar orbit. The U.S. Navy captain retired from NASA and the Navy after that mission in 1972, going on to found the Institute of Noetic Sciences, dedicated to the study of consciousness. During each of the six missions with successful lunar landings, one astronaut remained in lunar orbit while the other two landed.